Electric fences are one of the most popular intrusion detection tools used across the world, especially in industrial areas and large farms. They are extremely easy to install and maintain, and they provide robust security and safety from any kind of intrusion and trespassing. Be it using them on agricultural land to protect the crop from animals, or installing it in high-security zones for protection from unauthorized people entering the area, electric fences make for an ideal choice.

As far as commercial properties are concerned, it is safe and legal to use electric fences. But when it comes to installing them in residential areas or private properties, there are certain legalities involved that you must make yourself aware of before installing one in your house. 

Fences are allowed to be installed if they are certified, safe energizers, there are several clauses and pre-requisites that need to be met in order to install them. The main reason behind these laws is to protect the general public and the residents of that area from the dangers of an electric fence. The states that do allow these fences are mostly for the protection of crops in agricultural land and farms to protect it from livestock and that too, you are required to put multiple signboards warning people about the presence of an electric fence. Without having these signs, you might have to face legal action. 

Electric fences in remote areas

The fence thus installed, should be powered by a low-voltage certified energizer so that it doesn’t pose any kind of threat to the lives of either wild animals or people accidentally coming in contact with it. It should only have enough power to give mild shocks to keep intruders away. 

But, like mentioned above, these provisions have been made to safeguard crops or gardens from livestock. Even with this little leeway that the government has given, there are several restrictions that the owner must follow in order to be able to comply with the law. For example, no electric fences are allowed in densely populated areas, near schools, or other similar establishments. 

However, installing an electric fence is allowed, if it is completely on your property in certain states. 

Rules and regulations that you must follow

There are fewer clearly defined rules when it comes to installing an electric fence in residential properties. But certain ground rules have been defined by the government that state:  

  • No electric fence is installed in a crowded area, near a school, or in close proximity to public spaces
  • Even when an electric fence is installed in a remote area, there should be multiple warning signs installed around to make people aware

Electric fences for residential properties are still not as common as it is for commercial properties in India. There are certain points you must keep in mind: 

  • The wires connecting the electric fence should not cross above the power or communication wires above them
  • It is advised to do a risk-assessment test if you wish to install an electric fence in your garden and check if there is a possibility of an alternative 
  • Use high-quality products and get them installed by a professional to make them risk-free
  • Barbed wires or razor wires should not be used to be powered by an energizer
  • It should be installed in such a way that there is no risk of humans or animals getting entangled in the wires
  • The energizer earth electrode should be placed at least one meter beneath the ground. The connected leads running under the ground should be covered with insulated tubes
  • The energizer and the earth wire should be at a safe distance from the source of power
  • Earth stakes should also be at a safe distance from water pipes, underground communication wires, etc.

The main idea behind setting up such strict laws, and rules, and regulations is to ensure the safety of the general public. Although electric fences are designed in such a way that they only provide a strong shock depending on their power, they are not lethal. High voltage electric fences are usually used in industrial areas or high-security zones where the chances of intrusion are higher. But in residential properties, even low-voltage fences can be safe enough to keep intruders away.

Frequently asked questions regarding usage of fencing in homes

Can I install an electric fence at my home?

The laws in India do not promote using electric fences in residential areas, especially if it is a crowded place, or close to school and other similar establishments. However, if you reside in remote areas that are prone to attacks from wild animals, then you can install a low-voltage electric fence.